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Obstructive sleep apnea affects 4% of the population

Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a sleep breathing disorder in which episodes of upper airway collapse occur. It is a disorder that affects about 4% of the population and affects the patient’s quality of life and that of his or her partner, and also his or her general health, as it is known that patients suffering from OSA have an increased risk of mortality and morbidity.
Several factors influence the occurrence of OSA, such as obesity, having large tonsils, small jaw, large tongue base, etc.
For diagnosis it is necessary to perform a sleep study to confirm the existence of apneas/hypopneas during sleep.
As for treatment, there are several alternatives. The most widespread treatment is CPAP, which is a machine that administers air at positive pressure into the patient’s airway, thus preventing collapse.
Postural and hygienic dietary measures are also recommended, which should be followed by all patients with OSA.
For patients who do not tolerate CPAP there are several alternatives (dental splints, surgery, neurostimulation…). Among the newest alternatives is upper airway neurostimulation.
The hypoglossal nerve neurostimulator is a device that opens the airway through stimulation of the hypoglossal nerve, which is responsible for the mobility of the tongue. It is one of the newest treatments for the treatment of obstructive sleep apnea and has many studies that support its use for patients with moderate to severe obstructive sleep apnea who do not tolerate the use of CPAP, which is the conventional treatment. Its placement requires minimally invasive surgery and patient selection requires careful anamnesis and physical examination, a sleep study and induced sleep videosomnoscopy (DISE). At the Centro Integral de Otorrinolaringología (CIO) we have extensive experience in treating patients with obstructive sleep apnea and we have the possibility of implanting the only neurostimulator on the market that stimulates the hypoglossal nerve bilaterally, the Nyxoah Genio device.
If you have OSA problems, want to know what this treatment consists of and if you are a good candidate, come to the CIO and we will advise you.